Whether you re restoring an old piece of furniture or building a brand new one you re going to want to bring it to life with stain and finish. Fine woodworking forums ask questions offer advice and share your work.
Unlimited membership is like taking a master class in woodworking for less than 10 a month.
Fine woodworking oil finish. This will create a slurry of oil and wood dust filling tiny pores and leaving the surface even smoother. Finishing wood refers to the final step in any woodworking project. For wood finishing you should use only boiled linseed oil.
Tung oil is available in a pure unrefined form and in a heat treated or polymerized form. Sanding oil onto the wood surface with wet dry paper helps fill pores with the swarf oil slurry you create and it can result in a smoother finish. When it comes to bringing out the natural beauty of a highly figured piece of wood such as quilted maple or quartersawn oak nothing beats a hand rubbed danish oil finish.
Tom wisshack says oil finishes accentuate the grain color and figure of the wood rather than obscure it. Typically a danish oil consists of a mixture of tung oil and varnish. All finishes that harden are film building finishes.
More specifically finishing means applying one of many kinds of protective coating usually clear generically called finish. To speed the process or create a slurry to help fill open pores sand the oil into the wood with fine wet dry paper. It penetrates into the wood unlike a film finish which sits on the surface.
Oil finishes you can create a fairly smooth oil finish by sanding between coats using very fine. For a smoother richer finish repeat the process this time sanding the oily wood with fine wet and dry sandpaper. An oil finish will never chip peel develop fisheye or orange peel.
Oil finishes are popular for surfaces that people are going to touch because they simply are more pleasant to touch than film finishes. They can be built to a greater thickness on the wood by leaving each coat wet on the surface to dry. Danish oil often lumped in as an oil finish is actually a thin oil and varnish.
Danish oil finish mixes oil and poly. Where oil has only one ingredient varnish contains resin and solvent. Wisshack explains the work involved in preparing a surface for an oil finish and how to rejuvenate previously oil finished pieces.
Tung oil is derived from the nuts of trees that are native to asia but have been cultivated in other parts of the world. The procedure for rubbing is different for oil and film building finishes.